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Dative case definition Rules & their examples


Dative case, Definition, Rules & Examples

3: What is a Dative Case?

The dative case shows that the indirect object of the verb of the sentence. ( The indirect object of the verb is the receiver of the direct object of the sentence in Dative Case ) The central purpose of this case is to show the indirect object of the verb of the sentence is called Dative Case. it is used to indicate indirect objects. Indirect objects are to whom the action is being done. All articles and prepositions are changing their appearance in this case. you can understand the dative case more smoothly by these instances.

Example 01:

1: He gave an egg to our mother.

Here, ( ” He ” is subject, ” gave “ is the verb, ” an egg “ is the direct object of the sentence, and ” Our mother “ is the ( indirect object or the Dative case ) of the sentence ( ask a question: He gave what? ”The answer is “eggs”. ) And another (“Who gave him an egg?” And this becomes a “mother”.

Example 02:

2: He gave our mother an egg.

Here, ( “he” is the subject of the verb “given”, “our mother” is (indirect object or dative), and “egg” is the direct object of this sentence.

How we can find the ” Dative Case ” of a sentence?

We find the Dative Case from the sentence, first, we find the direct object by finding the main verb in the sentence. Then you ask the question ” What ” or ” for whom ” and then we find an indirect object from the sentence and then the direct object is ” Accusative Case ” and the indirect object of the sentence is ” Dtive Case “.


1: We gave the book to the teacher.

1st step: Find the main verb = ” gave

2nd step: Ask a question ” What gave ” = ” the book

3rd step: then, ask the question ” for whom gave ” = ” the teacher

Hence, ( The direct object is ” the book ” and the receiver of the direct object is ” the teacher ” and also ” the teacher ” is the Dtive Case of this sentence. So, a noun does not change its own form in the dative case and sometimes pronouns change their forms.

2: Sana will send her a gift tomorrow.

1st step: find the helping & main verb = ” will send

2nd step: ask a question ” what will send ” = ” a gift ” ( it is a direct object and Accusative case ).

3rd step: then, ask a question ” for whom will send ” mean ( who is a receiver ) ” her ” it is an indirect object, So, it is Dative Case of the sentence.

Above all the sentence have a receiver of thing that is ” Dtive Case

The Dative Case of the object Case

In English, we use the name ‘objective case’ for both the preposition and the accusative. Let’s look again at the example above.


Barney will send her an offer tomorrow.

1st step: Find the main verb and helping verb = ” will send “

2nd step: Ask a question ” What will send? ” = ” an offer “ ( this is a direct object and it shows the accusative case of the sentence ).

3rd step: Ask a question ” To whom Barney will send an offer? ” = ” her “ So, who is a receiver accurately ” her ” and it is the indirect object and the dative case of the sentence.

Remember in English you don’t change names in case of “italic” But our conscience is so. For this reason “presentation” was not change and “he” became “her”.

Prepositions can use in the ” Dative Case “

Especially when studying other languages, you can encounter prepositions that accept adjectives. For example, modern German uses “aus”, “bei”, “mit”, “nach”, “seit”, “von” and “zu”.

The preposition takes something in English. for example:
For this example “are” and “which” are known as objects of the preposition.

> With her and not with ” she “

> By whom and not ” By who “

In these examples, ” her “ and ” whom “ is called the object of the preposition.

Are you learning a foreign language? Head over to the rules table.

Reason No: 01

If you find this page on the Grammar Monster site, it’s a good opportunity to learn a foreign language that has the same qualities. (Remember, in English, adjectives are present in multiple-choice forms).

If you’re learning a foreign language, you need to learn Italian quickly. As you continue, you can learn how adjectives, determinative, pronouns and nouns (or “negatives”) vary in case you think about it. Put the Bullet Bite head on that table!

Reason No: 02 ( How to use ” whom ” accurately)

For English speakers, the only real problem with addition is the use of “who” as an object (i.e. a direct object, an indirect object, or a preposition object). when if it an object, ” whom ” she is use.


1: You fought who? ( wrong )

Here, ” who ” is the direct object of the verb ” fought “. at the place of ” who ” should be ” whom “. ( You fought whom ).

2: You gave who the gold?

Here, ” who ” is the indirect object of the verb ” gave “ it should be “ whom ” at the place of ” who “. ( You have whom the gold ).

Complete Index of Book

Related Topics:

1: What are the cases of nouns in Grammar?

2: Objective case Types Reasons & Examples

3: Possessive case definition Types & their example

4: Genitive case definition Rules & their examples

5: Genitive case examples Relationship & simplification

6: Nominative / Subjective Case Reasons & examples

7: Formation of the compound nouns & examples



  1. Dear Sir,
    My name is Komal, this is your good website, I always attached with your website for learn grammar. very nice definition and very easy. When I read your introduction of book I like it more.

    Thank You

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