GENITIVE CASE IN DETAILS
Genitive case definition:
In English Grammar, The marker of the gntive case on the nouns ( pronouns ) is the adding of the suffix ( ‘s ) in the ending of the words. After the noun, the genitive case indicates the word ” of “. Sometimes genitive pronouns are regarded the possessive determiners such as ( his, my, our, your(s), her(s), it(s), and their(s) ). In English grammar, the possessive case is commonly referred to as the genitive case.
NOTE: all the words that are written in ( gntive ) this is a short form of the Genitive case.
What is the Genitive Case?
A genitive case is generally a grammatical case that use to show the possession of the noun and the pronouns and the genitive case is creat by adding apostrophe ” s ” and adding ” of “. The genitive case also indicates their ownership.
Examples of the genitive case:
Thousands of times, you have encountered the chance of the genitive case but here you can see the case against it. there are many examples of the genitive case from the literature.
- Aqeel took off the boy’s toy, tightened the blankets up to his shoulders, then smoothed his hair as it opened across the buffer.
Here, ( ” Aqeel ” is a noun and its pronoun is ( He ) it learns up and concentrated on the toy of the boy in the first of him A sleepy boy who kept leaning into the shoulder of a blond boy so that he can let him twirl his foot ).
- “Some bits ” obtain on the hoodlum and windshield of the Chevrolet ، and when Ann arrives through the fender window, to brush them off ، the confetti attaches to her hand.”
The structural Relationship of the Genitive Case
The possession and possessive case, In this case, a noun is link with it and may not be related to each other through ownership. In a sentence, the noun does not ” possess ” with others nouns possess with them in any form of the actuality.
As commonly with possessive, In any conditions of the ” genitive ” does not be identical with a close idea of the ownership. Noun phrase and the noun is a signal of the grammatical structural relationship among the gntive case. The authentic relationship among those things which are called by nouns maybe just a kind of lax confederation.
The Preposition ( of ) is denoted by possession ” Genitive Case “
A possible genitive case is made by the preposition ” of “. When we talk about non-living objects. they placed before the nouns to indicate the possessive of noun.
often ” of ” preposition introduced in the noun relationship of ” possession ” to foregoing the noun. This is a just way to show the possession of non-living objects.
There are two instances، to describing the use of ownership reminder، presented in the sentence. At that period, Aristotle was happier, but not by the possibilities of the United States. but due to a powerful typhoon in the atmosphere of the sun. The first part of the periods cannot be describe otherwise ، but the second can be translate ، using “.”
Long Simplification of the ” Genitive Phrase “
In particular, ، to simplify phrases ، that would otherwise be long and confusing ، as with many group genitives. In which possession is add to an entire phrase, rather than a single noun ، is useful. potentially the gntive case can be quite a complex phrase.
Therefore the evening train to Edinburgh’s avoidance is slightly possible to occur than the avoidance of the evening train to Edinburgh, See in this instance, yet, that the placing of the ‘s at the end of Edinburgh is completely acceptable, even though the gntive suggests the avoidance of the train, instead than the avoidance of Edinburgh! This is an instance of the so-known as group gntive, where the gntive phrase contains command transformation,”
Advertisement of the Genitive case
Similarly, In the genitive case, the non-living objects indicate the possession of ( of ) when of is most used. The world advertisement is a little different thing. The last noun phrase of the advertisements, the plan’s already dynamic strings, the use of the gntive plan’s which are not common for non-living in many other languages.
In this case, there are some subordinate phrases: ( the plan’s ) (already dynamic) strings ). This is the effect of consensus and influence, as is unmistakable if we resemble an identical phrase with post-transformation: the strings ( of the plan’s ) (which are already dynamic),”
Sources of the Gntive Case
- MS James, Hurford, English Grammar: A Student’s Guideness. Iqra University Press.
- Sana, Howard. English Grammar and Meaning: A Semantic Approach to all Grammar.
- Roaldaf, Dahl, Matilda. Jonathan Cape, 1990.
- Thomas Trebitsch. Parker, Anna, Annie. Dutton Adult, 1993.
Define the Russian language Gntive case
In the Russian Language: The gntive case ( родительный падеж) is the second case from seven (kaVOH) ” of whom ” and also ” whom ” (чего (chyVOH) of what and what The gntive case appointed the possession or absence ( absent whose, what, who ) we can ask the question откуда (atKOOda) ” from where “. The Possessive of the genitive gntive case is equal to the Russian case.
Tips and Tricks of the Genitive Case
In Russian Grammar, The genitive case determines the preposition of the objects like ” from and of ” and shows the subject possession. The questions кого (kaVOH) are asking from ” of whom and whom ” and ” of what or what ” чего (chyVOH).
Using and Function of the Gntive case
The indirect case is also known as the gntive case this case has many several important functions, however, the main first function is to “indicate the possession ” and the second main function is to include the usage of ” Cardinal number, prepositions, time reference, location, explanation.
( Possession ) is showing the main function of the gntive case. this case is working over here in different ways. ( who does ) or did not have something. Showing who / what is missing.
1: I don’t have a house.
( Уa меня нет дома / U menya net doma ).
Here in Russian Grammar ( ya ) ” I ” remove in gntive case evolving меня. It is an indication of the subject of the sentence ” I ” who did not have a house. ( жилище ) house is the gntive case. It is showing the house is an object that is absent and possession does not have to the subject.
The genitive case is using the cardinal numbers in the singular form. 2, 3, and 4. it is upward from 5 is use in the plural form of cardinal number. likely quantities are also use with genitive cases, such ( few, many, little, a lot, more, and several etc ).
1: 3 карандаша / 3 karandasha = 3 pencils
2: несколько букв / neskol’ko bukv = Few letters
3: больше бензина / bol’she benzina = More petrol
When We give explanation of some thing and somebody so, the gntive case can be use there.
1: синяя кровать, кровать синего цвета = a blue bed ( literally ): a bed of the blue colour.
Some time gntive case is showing the correct location of someplace or working place.
1: Я сейчас в офисе / YA seychas v ofise = I am in the office right now.
2: еще я в колледже / yeshche ya v kolledzhe = yet, I am in the college.
Some time a genitive case is use to show the time.
1: Играли с утра / Igrali s utra = They had been playing since the morning.