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Vocative case definition usage & examples



The Vocative Case is the kind of Noun Case. It is the phrase or word that is use to show the direct addressing of the noun when you talk to somebody or anyone directly in the condition of private name ( doctor, bob, respectively ) and the vocative case come among the commas and full stops so like this (, john. or Ali,) and The vocative case is use as beginning or ending of the sentence. Terms of address are set off in the sentence by person’s name with the vocative commas. The terms of English Grammar for the sentences that use the vocative case is known as being in the vocative or direct addressing. it is coming from the ” Latin ” word ” Call “.

Example of Vocative Case

1: Hello, Alina.

2: Ali, Come out.

3: You know, Stephen robot.

Here, ( The comma comes after the ” Stephen robot ” that is required to be addressed to ” Stephen robot “. If you use without comma that you understand that means ( you know a person called Stephen robot ).

Vocative case definition & examples

Examples of the Vocative case use in daily routine

The vocative case involves noun phrases and nouns. almost vocative case is used with the specific names of the things and with a proper noun.


  • Let him ride the horse, Kamran.
  • See you later, Sana.
  • The loss of a parent, Mr Worthing, can be seen as a disgrace; Losing both is like an oversight.

Usage of the Vocative Case

1: Don’t use a comma every time with the names

  • His brother is called characterless because it is an anagram of wester which your sister loves.

Why do you ask, Ali?

Here, ( ” characterless ” is not being addressed. His name was not required cancelled with commas and full stop.

2: A common noun is used with the vocative case ( things from the name )


  • You are the superman, superman.
  • On your face, parrot.
  • What a going on, you short adventurer?

Here, ( In this sentence, The common noun is an adventure and the noun phrase is a short adventure. these terms play the function of nouns.

3: The vocative case can be in the Non-living objects


  • Kalya, bring the broom.
  • You have grown like one of sister Sana’s Yorkshire milk, your slight beaut.

Main keyword words to identify the Vocative Case

  • The vocative case is use when you address somebody or someone by name.
  • You write a name with vocative commas when you compose a sentence with a direct address.
  • If the vocative start from ” you ” which is negative and unuseless, speak in a lovely tone of the sound. ” you lovely “.

Using Commas with The Vocative Case

In writing, when you write names, or names of the person’s in title with a vocative comma at starting and ending of the sentences or two commas when the names have come in the middle of the sentences. In the verbal speech, there’s commonly a break where the comma is set off.

When we bypass the Vocative Commas

Never every statement names of the person’s or titles are directly address. If you are writing or speaking for anybody in about the third person so, like this ( He, She. it ) this is not directly address or the vocative case and also commas are not use with the name or nicknames. Many of the sentences are use for the first person’s but they are using to refer to the third person for talking about.


  • Ali surely went with me.
  • I am very thankful to my sweety for helping me.
  • She have a good idea for my teacher.
  • He need to talk with her fahter
  • Where is my quiet cat?
  • I don’t know what you do after me.

It is very important to know the difference because when confusing can come to the absence of the vocative comma in the sentence.

Direct address: Talking to Saira: I know, Saira.

Un direct address: Talking about Saira: I know Saira.

Take care when using the Comma

Discover out of the run-on sentence when the vocative comma is use in the middle of the sentence So the name does not hook and it can join with two independent clauses.

Run-on sentence:

  • Thank you, Aliza khan, I don’t know about her what does she do without him.

How we can use the vocative case in the sentence

When we address somebody by direct and when you directly speaking or writing to someone to get person’s name using the attention of his or her. Showing the respect of using the emotion or formal title of someone. A vocative case does not use the proper nouns and it may be a noun phrase in the sentence.


  • John, do you want to go with my brother?
  • Doing for me, Saira, Thank you and I am proud of you.
  • I don’t know what can I do for you, Mahnoor!
  • Good work, technician, what a good idea?
  • Miss, I have a solution to this question.
  • They need to talk with you, daughter.
  • Where were you, my sweety.

NOTE: Above all the sentences are in the second person, you are include with them, this is understood because ” you ” is address directly. Objects and Animals or birds may the in the vocative case as long as these are talking directly addressing with them.


  • john, keys, where did you put them?
  • shido, stop munching on the sofa.

How do we care about the vocative case

( 1st Reason ) About your writing skill

The vocative case is the beauty of your English skills when you use commas to show nouns, and, let’s find out it, we should care about the commas in the vocatives case. Good Reason, However, when dying to use the vocatives case can cause opaqueness.

  • I wanted to, angel.
  • I wanted to angel.

One important point: When we are addressing the name centre of the sentence ( that is rare ) it is among the two commas.


  • Yes, putlo, get your blanket on. ( correct )

( 2nd Reason ) Away from the Run-on Mistake

When the vocatives case ends with the word in the sentence. you will be certain to finish your sentence correctly before beginning a new something.

  • It’s right, dear, we are losser. ( wrong )

Here, ( This sentence is saying the run-on mistake ).

  • It’s right, dear. we are losser.

Here, ( this is correct sentence the word write is compose as (, dear. ) full stop at the end ).

Complete Index Book

Related Topics:

1: What are the cases of nouns in Grammar?

2: Vocative case definition usage & examples

3: Possessive case definition Types & their example

4: Dative case definition Rules & their examples

5: Genitive case definition Rules & their examples

6: Accusative case Definition Rules & Examples

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